English vs American Labrador – What is the difference?


Both the British laboratory and the American laboratory are paid members of the Labrador Retriever breed, but they have been established as different types.

British Labradors tend to be clumsy, while American Labradors are slimmer and have a thinner coat.

The American laboratory is the favorite for field trials and has huge energy. English Labs is more likely to occupy the stage
and is said to be more leisurely.

If you have been researching the most popular dog breeds in the United States, you may have encountered the English Labrador and American Labrador.

Please be clear, there is no official difference between these two dogs. There is only one type of Labrador.

Both British and American styles are lovely laboratories throughout.

But this does not mean that there is no difference in their appearance, size, temperament and energy level.


What is the difference between these two Labrador versions? Let us find out.


English vs. American Labrador History

Labrador Retriever originated in Newfoundland, Canada. Its ancestor, St. John, worked with fishermen in icy waters and harsh conditions.


These enthusiastic working dogs attracted the attention of visiting British nobles in the early 1800s.

Several of these dogs returned to the UK with them, where breeders improved and standardized the Labrador breed.

Essentially, until the 1940s, when show dogs became popular, there was only one type of laboratory.

In the following decades, due to specialized breeding, two different dog breeds appeared.

One of them is bred on the show floor where appearance is important. These dogs were not required to work, and decorative decorations began to appear. They are called English Labs.


At the same time, working laboratories are beginning to flourish in competitions called "field trials", in which speed and agility are the most desirable qualities. These are what we now call American laboratories.

Although the nicknames English Lab and American Lab are commonly used, the more accurate description of these two dogs is the performance or bench type Lab and the work or field type Lab.


English vs. American labrador appearance

Place the English Labrador and the American Labrador side by side, and you will find some obvious differences between the two dogs.

The head of the English laboratory is wider 

The thicker neck and barrel-shaped chest are more powerful than the appearance of the American laboratory.

They also have the famous Labrador’s thick “otter tail” and its double-layer waterproof jacket is also thicker.

The head of the American laboratory is narrower and the muzzle is longer than that of the English laboratory.

Their necks are longer and thinner, and so are their tails. The coat of the American laboratory is also significantly thinner.


These laboratories did not meet specific reproduction standards. Their appearance is often different.


English vs. U.S. labrador scale

Although the height of the English lab is slightly smaller, between 21.5 and 22.5 inches, they are heavier, but the structure is bulkier, and the legs and body are shorter.

The American laboratory is between 21.5 inches and 24.5 inches tall, but has a slimmer, sportier physique and finer bone structure. The legs are also longer and the appearance is more agile.

The weight of the male laboratory is between 65 and 80 pounds, and the weight of the female laboratory is between 55 and 70 pounds. The English laboratory tends to expand to a higher end.


In fact, due to their structure, they may weigh as much as 20 pounds heavier than American laboratories and would not be considered overweight.


English vs. American labrador temperament

Remember, both breeds are Labrador dogs, and both of them will be caring, friendly, intelligent, reliable, and outgoing, with a strong desire to please humans.

However, in terms of appearance, there are some quite obvious differences between the American laboratory and the English laboratory in terms of temperament.

You should expect American laboratories to be more active. People originally raised these dogs for work and field trials.


In any case, this does not mean that the English Lab is a lazy dog.

All laboratories are known for their high energy, but the American laboratories are like elite athletes. This is a dog with endurance and energy burning.

They are also considered to be smarter, more motivated, and more irritable than their American cousins, and English labs are generally more laid back and less irritable than their cousins.


English and American Lab-Which one can make family dogs better?

Both types of Labrador can surely add a touch of beauty to your family.


These friendly dogs not only get along well with all kinds of people, but also get along well with other dogs and pets.

Therefore, choosing between the two types of laboratories is only a matter of personal preference.

If you are looking for a more relaxed and less demanding family pet, then the English Lab will be a better choice.

First-time owners can also choose the type of performance because their temperament is often less overwhelming and demanding.

Families with an active outdoor lifestyle hope to have a dog that can only keep up with dogs, and they will definitely meet them in the lush American laboratory.


English and American Labrador Health

Whether you have an English laboratory or an American laboratory, you can expect them to live for an average of 10 to 12 years.

Choose dogs that have been screened to affect the genetic health of the breed. This includes heart disease and eye diseases such as progressive retinal atrophy.

Hereditary myopathy is an inherited disease believed to be caused by defects in the muscle tissue that affect Labrador.

Canine lymphoma is also common.

Although almost all dogs like to eat, Labrador Retrievers feed on gluttony.

The 2016 study found that about one out of four laboratories has a mutation in the POMC gene, which prevents them from feeling full.

Obesity is a big problem for this breed, and it can cause many other health problems, from diabetes to orthopedic diseases.


English and American laboratory grooming and feeding

Thanks to their double coat, Labradors can be a big deal. Some people blow their coats twice a year, while others tend to fall off in smaller amounts more regularly.

If you have an English labrador and are indoors all year round, they may prefer the latter.


However, each dog is an individual, so it is impossible to determine how many dogs they will fall.

Although their hair is short, regular combing every day can reduce the accumulation of dead hair at home.

There are no strict rules about how often you should bathe in the laboratory. If you start to smell bad smells, it may be time to take a shower.

This article will provide you with more information about the retouching laboratory.

Since many Labradors are prone to overweight, you may need to monitor their calorie intake.

Because English Labs tend to be less active and naturally heavier, they are also more prone to obesity.


Which labradors are better as pets?

When choosing between an English laboratory and an American laboratory, there is no clear answer.

It really depends on your preferences and lifestyle.

American laboratories will need a lot of time and energy to keep them happy.


However, if you are a runner looking for a companion, then this may be your ideal choice.

Those looking for a dog that is more suitable for life as a family pet may choose an English laboratory.

Remember, this is still an active dog that needs regular activity.


English and American laboratories-which dog is best for you?


Let us know in the comments.

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